THE SHAPING OF THE CONCEPT OF METROPOLITAN ASSOCIATIONS IN POLAND AFTER 1990
The local self-government system in Poland has been evolving since its restitution in 1990. One of the major problems discussed in recent years is the issue of the system of metropolitan areas, metropolises and agglomerations (what was before referred to as large cities). The issue is complex, which is refl ected in, i.a., attempts to develop systemic solutions regarding large cities and hinterlands. The aim of the paper is to analyze draft laws put forth by various entities relating to this very issue, including their underlying assumptions. The draft laws and assumptions presented in the paper were developed mostly in response to the reality of the collaboration of large urban centers and adjacent municipalities demonstrating clearly that the solutions based on the institution of voluntary municipal unions do not yield the desired effects for large cities and metropolitan areas. In spite of the common belief that some legislative solutions regarding the system of government regulating the legal status of metropolitan areas must be adopted in Poland, the first Act on metropolitan areas was passed only in 2015, and even a single municipal association has not been established on its grounds.